A guide to co-washing
What it is and should you be doing it.
No matter where you are on your journey, we have everything you need to master beautiful super curly hair!
Curls with a tightly coiled, well-defined spiral pattern (some refer to this as 4A).
This pattern of coils can always benefit from a good finger-detangle to prepare it for your wash-and-go.
Tightly coiled curls that have the circumference of a watch spring (some refer to this as 4B).
This pattern of coils is very delicate. Apply products and detangle from the bottom up to reduce tangles and breakage.
The most tightly coiled curl pattern, often densely packed (some refer to this as 4C). Experiences greater shrinkage.
This pattern of coils is the most fragile and requires gentler care. Squish (squeeze) in products working from the root area downward to encourage elongation.
"Once you've got your curl pattern down, you'll want to figure out your texture and porosity next. These three factors are the keys to figuring out what your curls need."
Simply stated, hair porosity refers to how easily your hair absorbs moisture. There are 3 levels of porosity: low, medium (or normal), and high.
Low porosity hair has a compact cuticle—which means it forms a bit of a barrier against moisture, but once it’s in there it, the barrier helps retains it.
Medium porosity hair has a slightly raised cuticle which allows more moisture to be absorbs which means it also has a more balanced rate of moisture retention.
High porosity hair has a raised cuticle which lets a lot of moisture in. It also loses moisture easily and is usually considered to be dry.
Place a few strands of clean, loose hair into a bowl of water and let sit for a few minutes. If the hair sinks to the bottom, it means it easily absorbed the water and is most likely high porosity. If the hair doesn’t absorb much water and seems to float in the middle of the bowl, it most likely has medium porosity. If the hair floats on top—you guessed it—it means it didn’t absorb any (or very little) water and it most likely has low porosity.
Hair texture (or diameter) is used to describe the thickness or width of each individual hair strand (not to be confused with density which is how much hair you have).
There are 3 basic textures: fine, medium, and coarse. To determine your hair’s texture, take a single strand and lay it flat on a white piece of paper. If it’s hard to see or feel between your fingertips and appears thin, it is fine. If it is visible and not hard to feel between your fingertips, it is medium. Coarse texture will be highly visible and easy to feel between fingertips.
Density describes how much hair per square inch is present on your scalp. There are 3 main levels of density: thin, average, and thick. To find your hair’s density, gather the front area of your hair, and pull over to the side. If the scalp is clearly or highly visible through your strands, you have thin density. If the scalp is neither clearly visible nor hard to see, you have average density. Thick density is if the scalp is not clearly visible or easy to see.
Dos and don’ts of diffusing: cut down on drying time, plump up curls, shut down frizz, and more!